How to frame a door rough opening with metal studs

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How to frame a door rough opening with metal studs

This page covers framing an existing wall to install a new door. Illustrations and instructions include: cutting into the wall, planning the frame, and installing a new king stud.

How to Frame a Door in Metal Walls

To save time and make installation easier, you should use a pre-hung door for this project. The packaging will have the dimensions for the rough opening and jamb printed on it to make calculations and measurements simple. Build a new door frame following the diagram here. The new frame will support the structural load of the wall when the existing supports have been removed.

The parts that come together to form a door frame include: the cripple studswhich transfer the wall load from the top plate to the door header. The header is supported by the jack and king studs along the sides where the load is transferred to the soleplate, which in turn transfers the load to the floor joists and foundation.

To start an opening in an interior wall, first remove the plaster or drywall on both sides of the wall. Leave as much of the original drywall in place as possible when doing "demo" work to avoid extensive wall repairs later.

With the wall covering removed, there are two choices for removing the existing framing to make room for a new door. Saving the studs may be the easiest way, but both methods have their advantages and disadvantages. Removing them completely will mean an easier cutting job, but require additional framing and wall repair. Preserving them can make repairing the wall easier, but cutting them off straight can be difficult. Remove the plaster or drywall to this point and cut a straight line across the studs you want to save.

Widening a Closet Door

Measure from the finished floor and use a square to mark both faces and edges of the wood. Use a handsaw to cut squarely along the lines to ensure a good, flush fit against the header you will be adding. To avoid binding of the saw blade while you're cutting, wedge 2x4's between the floor and top plate to support the wall weight. If you're working on a load bearing wall, leave the supports in place until you have installed all the new framing.

If you want to remove the studs completely and install new ones, wedge in the supports under the top plate and then cut roughly, mid-way down the wall using a reciprocating saw.

How to Frame with Metal Studs

Pry the two pieces free from the top and soleplate being careful at the top to avoid breaking a lot of the drywall or plaster off the ceiling. This extra space will allow for adjusting the position of the new door jamb for a plumb fit. Choose an existing studs to serve as the first king stud and then determine if it's necessary to install a new one on the other side, or if one of the studs can be shimmed to do the job.

If you can't find two ideal candidates to serve as king studs, which is very likely, you'll have to add a new 2x4 on one side of the new opening.

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To find the location for the second king stud, add the jamb width, plus 3 inches for jacks, and 1 inch for wiggle room. Measure from the inside of the first king stud and mark this point on the soleplate. Keep this measurement and use it again to cut the header length in the next phase of the framing.

If the stud is several inches or more from the mark you can add spacers to build out the new 2x4. Cut 2 or 3 pieces of 2x4 to this length and nail them between the new 2x4 and the existing one. Measure from the wall top plate to the soleplate and cut a new 2x4 to this length, then install it using two-3 inch deck screws on each end. Drive the screws at an angle to "toenail" it to the plates. You can drill pilot holes first to make driving these screws smoother, and improve control.

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This also makes it easier to reposition in case of error in placement. If you need to use spacers to support the new 2x4, install them first before putting the stud in place. Start one screw at the top and bottom of the new stud and then set it in place so it rests squarely against the spacers.Apr 23, General Construction. First, you must determine the size of your door. Measure the door if you already have it. The reason for the extra space is to allow room for the door frame and for space to adjust the door.

Decide the location by taking into consideration the traffic flow and the size of items you will furnishing the room with. Frame the opening close to the corner if possible, just be sure to leave enough room for the size of trim you will be using. Always use two studs on each side of the opening. The first will be continuous from the top plate to the bottom plate.

This is called a king stud. Your header size is determined by the load it carries.

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If you are building a new bearing wall or cutting in a new doorway be sure to check your local building code span charts or consult an engineer to properly size the header. Also, be aware double or triple jack studs may be required based on the opening width and the load the header carries.

Be sure to check code requirements prior to framing. It sounds so confusing — load bearing, non-load bearing, span and load. These are all term to describe and calculate door and window header sizes. Think of a header like a small bridge.

We recently visited the Mackinac Bridge in Northern Michigan. Now we know how they work, but how do we know what size to use? T here is no standard size header, no one size fits all. It all depends on the width of the opening, the weights resting on the top of the header and the various external factors such as the extra weight of snow, wind and rain. Not to mention those external factors called live loads, change by geographic location.This article is about how to frame with metal studs.

Generally speaking, when building a ceiling or interior walls, most of us think first at wood studs, but you cannot even imagine the advantages you will get by framing with metal studs. Building with metal studs is not complex, but you have to learn the basic techniques and use proper materials. We have seen many diy-ers being reluctant to framing with metal studs, as this technology is rather new for the vast majority of people, as compared to wood studs.

Read the article and pay attention to our tips. First of all, the metals studs are not as heavy as the wood studsso a beginner could frame a wall or a ceiling without great difficulty. In addition, steel studs are resistant to fire and insects, which make them ideal to frame walls and ceilings. Framing with steel studs cost about the same as working with wood studs, but you have the advantage of a light material which resists to moisture, fire and insects.

A beginner could easily frame with metal studs, provided he follows the basic guidelines and uses the best materials and tools. Beside buying the right metal studs for your needs, you also need pan-head screws and a good screwdriver.

In order to cut the steel studs, we recommend you to use straight cut thin snips. The metal studs are perfectly straight and have square corners. These features make the metal studs ideal for framing walls and ceilings, especially if you are an amateur constructor. Moreover, the metal studs come in a great verity of dimensions, therefore you will reduce the cutting waste and the overall costs for your project.

Before framing with metal studs, you should determine the needed amount of raw materials and the right size for your needs. The first step of this project is to fasten the metal track to the wall. Afterwards you have to install the metal track alongside the walls, using screws. If the walls are made of concrete, you have to drill pilot holes and insert plastic dowels. If the structure of your walls is made of wooden studs, you have to use a stud finder as to make sure you insert the screws in the studs.

When framing with metal studs, you will have to cut the steel.

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Therefore, you need a good pair of sharp aviation snips, as make precision cuts. You should measure the required length, mark it on the metal studs and then cut them with the aviation snips. After you have installed the metal track, you have to install the first layer of studs.

You should remember that the metal stud ceiling must be perfectly level, otherwise the drywall ceiling would have a poor appearance. The metal studs must be parallel with two walls of the room and perpendicular on the other two walls.Wall framing is called rough framing for a reason. Not all rough openings are completely plumb and square.

Leaving this extra space allows you to perfectly plumb, level and square your door installation. Next, not all doors are exactly the same size. Verify the rough opening is square. The diagonal measurements should be the same. Verify the rough opening is level and plumb. The rough opening sill must not be crowned or sagged. Minimum double studs should be used at all rough openings. The exterior face of the rough opening must be in a single plane. Step in the doorway with your back to the hinges.

You will be standing sideways in the opening, looking at the opening where the door latches. If the door and hinges are on the left side, it is a left-hand door. If the door and hinges are on the right side, it is a right-hand door.

Another way: Always picture this from the inside, or the room the door swings into. Looking and facing the door, if the door-knob is on the left side of the door, it is a left-handed door.

If the knob is on the right, it would be a right-handed door. Get EZ-Hang! Your product simplifies the process and reduces the labor needed to install a door.

How to Install a Steel Door Frame in Steel Stud Construction

I looked online and found the website and ordered enough for the house project we had underway.Bob Haring has been a news writer and editor for more than 50 years, mostly with the Associated Press and then as executive editor of the Tulsa, Okla.

Haring holds a Bachelor of Journalism from the University of Missouri. Adding a door to a screen porch can improve access to a yard or garden, but it requires altering a wall. Many screen doors now have metal frames, but a wooden screen door will be more suitable for a screened porch built with 2-by-4 or 4-by-4 lumber. Start this project by buying a pre-hung screen door, with hinges and latch fastened to a frame or jambs to be secured inside a rough door opening.

Match the door to the porch framework; get a door with a full screen interior or with double screens with a horizontal support between.

how to frame a door rough opening with metal studs

Pick a spot to add a wooden screen door, with a full wall stud for one side. Measure the wooden screen door with a tape measure to figure the frame opening. Add 4 inches to the width of the pre-hung frame, to allow for stud framing on either side; if the screen door frame is 38 inches wide, the rough frame should be 42 inches. Add another full stud, between the bottom or sill plate and the top plate of the wall at the outside of the rough opening; space it from the inside of the full stud on the opposite side.

Brace the top plate with 2-byinch studs set temporarily between the sill and top plate to secure the roof while the door opening is framed. Mark the studs on either side for the height of the pre-hung door frame; measure it and add 4 inches for a horizontal header. Cut the inside stud in the frame opening to that height with a reciprocal saw. Build a header with 2-by-4 boards, laid with 4-inch faces together.

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Fasten these with 16d framing nails and a hammer and cut the header with a circular saw to fit between the outside framing studs. Set the header in place between the two full studs and under the cut-off top stud. Use a level to set the header level and fasten it with framing nails through the side studs and two nails driven up into the bottom of the short stud on top.

Measure from the bottom of the header to the top of the sill and cut two studs to fit.

how to frame a door rough opening with metal studs

Nail these to the side studs and toenail them with diagonal nails into the header and sill. Cut the sill plate out on the inside of the two trim studs with reciprocal saw. Remove the temporary braces once the rough frame is completed and install the pre-hung door in the rough frame.

Remove any siding, screening or drywall to expose the porch studs or posts before starting the door frame. Replace siding, screening and drywall once the screen door is installed and trimmed. Pin Share Tweet Share Email. Step 1. Step 2. Step 3. Step 4. Step 5. Tip Remove any siding, screening or drywall to expose the porch studs or posts before starting the door frame.

Show Comments.In a house that is only square feet, every extra inch counts. Even though the closet in the master bedroom was about 6 feet wide, it only had a 24 inch door, hampering access to much of the storage. By widening the doorway for bi-fold doors and installing a closet organizer, I was able to increase the useful storage space. The construction techniques I present here are wrong! I have published this project only to show what I did. The idea was good, but clearly I did not know as much as I thought I knew, a problem that I share in common with lot of self-proclaimed do-it-yourselfers.

Once I became engaged, it became apparent that I needed to use any available space much more efficiently. The master bedroom had a wall closet about 5 and a half feet wide with a standard depth. Access to this closet was originally through a door that was only 24 inches wide. At least half of the space in the closet was inconvenient, if not impossible, to access. The solution? Widen the doorway and install two 30 inch bi-fold doors to access the entire closet.

After ensuring that I would not be messing with a supporting wall, I went to work inside the closet. The walls were gypsum board and plaster and were up to an inch thick in places so my stud finder was not able to accurately detect the studs. I had to open the wall up to find the studs the old fashioned way. I carefully used a keyhole saw to cut a couple of holes inside the closet so I could see exactly what framing I was working with.

My stud finder is able to detect electrical current and I was able to determine that no wires were present where I was cutting. Still, I carefully opened up a couple larger holes just to be sure. Once I confirmed that it was safe to do so, I used a reciprocating saw to cut the wall board flush to the studs that were not going to be removed. It was a messy job to say the least.

The wall board was removed up to the top plate that was attached to the ceiling joists. A bottom plate was nailed to the floor boards and I now had now exposed couple of 2 x 4 studs. I removed the studs to create the opening that I needed. Now I needed to rebuild the header and do something about the void that was left once the bottom plate was removed from the floor.

I stained the board with the same walnut stain that I used on the bi-fold doors. Using a circular saw set to the depth of the hardwood flooring, I cut out a section to the width of the board. I then simply nailed the new board in place.During these challenging times, we guarantee we will work tirelessly to support you. We will continue to give you accurate and timely information throughout the crisis, and we will deliver on our mission — to help everyone in the world learn how to do anything — no matter what.

Thank you to our community and to all of our readers who are working to aid others in this time of crisis, and to all of those who are making personal sacrifices for the good of their communities. We will get through this together. If you want to install a door in your house, you have to first frame the door opening to prepare it for the installation. With a ladder, some nails and a hammer, you're well on your way to outfitting your own rooms at a fraction of the cost.

To frame a door opening, start by nailing the top plate through the ceiling or ceiling joists and the sole plate into the floor. After that, you'll need to nail the longest boards in between the doorway and nail the smaller boards onto the bigger boards. Next, insert the header that will sit above the door and secure it by nailing the smallest boards between the header and the top plate.

Finally, remove the sole plate by sawing through it at at the inside edges of the doorway. For more advice from our Home Improvement reviewer, including how to decide whether to build a door frame or buy one, read on! Did this summary help you? Yes No. Log in Facebook Loading Google Loading Civic Loading No account yet? Create an account. We use cookies to make wikiHow great.

By using our site, you agree to our cookie policy. As the COVID situation develops, our hearts ache as we think about all the people around the world that are affected by the pandemic Read morebut we are also encouraged by the stories of our readers finding help through our site.

Article Edit. Learn why people trust wikiHow. Co-authored by Mark Spelman Updated: January 30, This article was co-authored by Mark Spelman. Mark Spelman is a General Contractor in Texas. He has been a construction professional since There are 5 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Explore this Article Measuring and Cutting. Putting It Together. Related Articles.

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how to frame a door rough opening with metal studs

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